While it depends on class level, each lesson plan for an English class has one thing in common: to help the students find patterns in language. Done well, this develops skills in critical thinking, comprehension and communication. If you are to accomplish this goal, you must choose texts and subjects that use language in an interesting and purposeful manner so that the students find themselves interested.
An example of an English teacher's lesson plan starts with the title of the book being read and the main objective of the period. Underneath is a table with headings along the first column and row. The titles along the top row run as "Activity | Time | Details | Objective". Below "Activity" runs a column, "Questions and Comments - Connecting to Thinkers, Theories, Texts - Investigate Effectiveness - Presentation - Closing Thoughts". Next column, "Time", includes the amount of time to be spent on each subject. The "Details" column would include "Allow class to begin discussion on recent chapters, if/when quiet pose questions (listed below)" in the "Questions and Comments" row. Underneath the table, you may have the questions you plan to pose as a reference.
In the same row under "Objective," include "Students are able to come to new ideas on their own, high brain activity, teacher encourages without leading discussion or pushing it toward their own ideas." Similarly, the next rows under "Activity" give a concise explanation of what you will do with your class and why. The "Presentation" row may just be notes for a short PowerPoint on historically-related figures or movements. For further detailed samples, see included references.