A quantitative research proposal is a written report of a potential research project for various reasons, such as a request for funding or approval of a thesis or dissertation project. Researchers detail the type of quantitative methodology in a separate section in the proposal. The exact format for a proposal depends on the purpose.
Many quantitative research proposals require a title page, an abstract and a table of contents. The introduction sets out the reason for the research and possible contribution to the field of study. The literature review or background section describes and analyzes similar research studies and sets a rationale for a new study based upon the existing literature.
Researchers describe the way in which they conduct the study in the methodology section. Quantitative methodologies in the proposal include experiments, quasi-experiments, correlation studies and descriptive techniques. Details of data collection and statistical analyses appear in this section. If researchers use human participants, this section also reflects explanations for confidentiality, risks and benefits to human subjects and informed consent, and the process of gaining voluntary permission for inclusion in the study through disclosure practices. Proposals also include a budget, sources of funding, references for works in the proposal, and personnel information, including a short biography of researchers and justification for paid staff.