There are many exams that individuals can sit through without formal training. Many of these are academic or higher-education entrance exams, such as AP Exams, the SAT, GRE or GMAT. Vocational, professional or certification exams, however, often require coursework or training, as these exams are just one step towards licensure.
The requirements for training for exams vary by state, profession and institution. Some states or workplaces may not require training prior to various exams, or the training might be done on the job. Other jobs may just require an entrance or aptitude exam to assess competence.
Two other important factors in finding exams that do not require training are the field in which one is looking to take an exam and for what purpose they are looking to sit it. Common reasons would be for a job, certification, skill and course credits. For example, if one is searching for a job in education, then it would be helpful to first explore the state government page and relevant certification requirements. Alternatively, individuals can narrow down the age group they wish to work with and in what capacity, then explore the requirements of the various workplaces that are hiring in that specific field.