Studies on teaching children who have difficulties in mathematics demonstrate that self-instruction and visual representation are two of the most effective ways of presenting the subject, explains the Center for Parent Information and Resources. Peer tutoring also assists in the learning process.
Self-instruction is a student-directed teaching strategy that allows students to regulate their own learning. To implement this teaching method, math educators encourage certain practices in students, such as setting goals for themselves and going back and checking their worked problems periodically. The teacher reminds students to always be aware whenever confusion or sources of distraction arise and then promptly deal with the problem in a constructive manner, such as asking the teacher for assistance.
Visual representation as a teaching method is very valuable in teaching math because much of a math teacher's job involves finding ways to help students tangibly grasp abstract concepts. Examples of ways to incorporate visual representation include teaching with number lines, using pictures to help students visualize word problems, and showing what the graphs of functions students are learning look like.
Setting aside time for peer-tutoring in the classroom helps students better grasp math concepts because explaining concepts to peers allows students to better solidify their knowledge. The teacher places students of differing levels of abilities into groups so that the students who better understand the material are able to explain it to those who are having difficulty. This arrangement facilitates the learning of everyone involved