What Is Educational Psychology?

Educational psychology is the study of how people learn. The field includes learning processes in normal, gifted and disabled individuals. Educational psychologists use testing, measurement and observational studies to improve the instructional process for individual learners and in diverse educational settings.

Educational psychology involves both studying learning in the classroom and general learning across the lifespan. Educational psychologists use methods and theories from developmental psychology, cognitive psychology and behavioral psychology to develop a complete picture of the learning process. They are employed in many fields, including special education, instructional design and organizational learning. Research in educational psychology is used to create educational technology and develop curriculum.