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What is the difference between Ralph Tyler's and Hilda Taba's theory of curriculum?

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Hilda Taba's theory of curriculum development is considered a more grassroots, inductive approach than other traditionalist models, such as Ralph Tyler's objectives model, or rational model, of curriculum design. Taba advocated for teachers to design the curriculum, rather than higher authorities dictating the curriculum to the teachers. She also believed curriculum was best designed inductively, starting with specifics and building up to a more general design.

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According to Theory to Practice, Tyler's curriculum design research model is the most common model. His model, devised in 1949, poses four questions to the curriculum developer. The answers to these questions inform the four stages in the curriculum design process: stating objectives, selecting learning experiences, organizing these learning experiences and evaluation to determine whether the objectives were achieved and assess whether the learning experiences produced the desired results.

In 1962, Taba refined Tyler's curriculum development model, adding three additional stages that involved diagnosing the needs of the learners as a first step and added the selection and organization of content as additional steps. Taba's curriculum design process contained seven main steps: diagnosis of the learners' educational needs, formulating specific objectives, selection of content based on those objectives, organization of the content into appropriate levels and sequences, selection of learning experiences that help the students learn the content, organization of those learning experiences and evaluation of whether the objectives are met.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the Tyler curriculum model?

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    The Tyler curriculum model, released in 1949, uses children's interests as the focus of attention in the educational design process. The idea that children learn more effectively when they are allowed to pursue at least some of their interests is central to Tyler's philosophy.

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  • Q:

    What are the two main curriculum development models?

    A:

    The two main curriculum development models used in education are the Tyler model and the Taba model. They are named after the educators who developed them, Ralph Tyler and Hilda Taba. The intent of the models is to serve educational purposes with the structure of curriculum.

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  • Q:

    How do you format a lesson plan?

    A:

    While there is no single format for creating lesson plans, most plans include information about lesson goals, performance objectives and materials needed, as well as procedures and strategies to teach the lesson and evaluate student learning. Good lesson plans start by explicitly defining the objective, or what students learn or be able to do after the instructional experience is completed. Headings for main parts of a lesson plan include subject, objective, assessment, strategy, materials, procedures and evaluation.

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  • Q:

    What is K12 curriculum?

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    The K12 curriculum is designed for kindergarten through 12th grade and uses a variety of multimedia to map out learning objectives and the best methods to complete them. Schools that use the K12 program include K12 International Academy, The Keystone School and The George Washington University Online High School, as of 2015. The K12 curriculum also offers courses for direct purchase for families who homeschool their children.

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