A primary source refers to documentation or material presented by parties that were directly present or involved in the referred subject, while a secondary source refers to documentation derived from the opinion or views of primary sources. Primary sources are typically able to provide an inside view of an event because they were physically present. An example of a primary source would be Neil Armstrong describing his experience on visiting the moon.Continue Reading
Another key difference between primary and secondary sources is that while primary sources provide direct account, secondary sources describe, interpret, analyze, summarize and evaluate the views offered by primary sources. Good examples of secondary sources include opinions offered in newspaper articles, movie or book reviews and biographies. Primary sources may refer to creative work, such as novels, music, art and poetry. It may also refer to original documents such as speeches, manuscripts, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies and diaries.
In addition to primary and secondary sources, there is a third type of source: tertiary sources. Tertiary sources refer to information that contains a mix of both primary and secondary sources. Some examples include encyclopedias, textbooks, dictionary, guides and fact books. To put all three sources in perspective, The Diary of Anne Frank" is a primary source, a monograph or publication that exposits the diary would be classified a secondary source and an encyclopedia on the Second World War would be a tertiary source.Learn more about Writing
A person can avoid plagiarism by citing and crediting sources within the text of a paper or essay using the correct format, such as MLA or APA, paraphrase information and include a citation noting the author, put quotations around information that is word-for-word while also crediting the source and providing a Works Cited page to accompany the written work. Writers must also cite personal interviews as source information.Full Answer >
The Modern Language Association citation format for Internet sources (which the MLA refers to as "Web publications") varies depending on the type of source. Because they change frequently, MLA style does not require URLs for Web publications.Full Answer >
In order to make bibliography cards, the student needs to put information pertaining to the source on the front side and the idea taken from the material on the back side. The objective of bibliography cards is to make it easier for students to cite their sources properly and organize their ideas.Full Answer >
Preparing bibliographies helps researchers keep track of the sources they consulted or cited for their written material and gives readers a framework of how the writers' arguments were formed. Annotated bibliographies make it easy to remember what each source discussed and help readers refer back to those sources when analyzing research papers or building their own work upon existing studies.Full Answer >