Dialysis technology programs typically include curriculum that teaches venipuncture, vital signs monitoring, local anesthesia administration and strategies to prepare patients for dialysis. Courses in a dialysis technology program involve time spent in laboratories, clinics and classrooms.
A student preparing for a career as a dialysis technician learns how to detect warning signs of complications and gains knowledge of how a dialysis machine functions and interacts with each patient's body. Methods to sterilize and clean the dialysis machine are also taught in a dialysis technology program.
Under the supervision of a doctor, nurse or professor, dialysis technicians measure vital signs before, during and after dialysis, record patient information and report findings to medical professionals. Dialysis technology programs teach safety precautions for potential technicians and build awareness of hepatitis and HIV prevention.
A dialysis technology program also prepares technicians for licensing and certification as required by each state. State certifications vary, but in most cases, dialysis technicians must be certified through the Board of Nephrology Examination for Nurses and Technicians. They must also complete a specific number of continuing education hours to renew licenses and certifications every two to four years.
Dialysis technicians may choose to specialize in acute dialysis, hemodialysis or renal. They can advance job opportunities through continuing education programs at vocational schools or community colleges.