What Are the Derivations of Some Words Beginning With the Letter C?


Quick Answer

Derivations of words beginning with "C" include the evolution of "cheetah" from the Sanskrit word "chitraka" and "candy" from either the Sanskrit word "khanda" or the Proto-Dravidian word "kantu." Other derivations include "cacophony" from the Greek word "kakophonos" and "church" from the ancient Greek word "kuriakon."

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Full Answer

The word "cheetah" entered the English language from the Hindi word "chita," which meant "leopard." "Chita," in turn, evolved from the Sankrit "chitraka," which meant literally meant "speckled" and referred to leopards. The construction of the Sanskrit word came from the combination of "chitra," which meant "many-colored" or "distinctively marked," and "kai," which meant "shining."

"Candy" entered the English language from the Old French term "sucre candi," which meant candy sugar. The word entered the French language from the Arabic "qandiyy," which derived from the Persian "kand" and before that either the Sanskrit "khanda," which meant "candied sugar," or the Proto-Dravidian "kantu," which meant "hard candy."

"Cacophony" arrived directly from the Greek word, which, broken into its roots of "kakos" and "phone" meant roughly "evil sound" or "evil voice."

"Church" reached modern English through the Middle English "chirche" and the Old English "cirice," both of which meant the same as the present word. The word entered Old English from the Proto-Germanic "kiriko," which arrived from the similar Ancient Greek "kuriakon," which meant "belonging to the Lord." The roots of the word trace back to the Proto-Indo-European word "kew" or "kwa," which meant "to swell" or "to prevail."

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