What Are the Definitions of Some Common Urology Terms?

Common urologic terms include hematuria, which is blood in the urine, and enuresis, or involuntary urine discharge, according to the University of Virginia School of Medicine. Additional common urologic terms include cystectomy, which is surgical bladder removal, and azoospermia, or lack of sperm in the semen.

A nephrectomy is the removal of a whole kidney, and nephrolithiasis means kidney stones, details the University of Virginia School of Medicine. The surgical removal of the prostate gland is called a prostatectomy and prostate gland inflammation is prostatitis. Kidney stones are also called renal calculi, and the renal pelvis collects urine from the kidney and sends it to the ureter.

The ureter is a tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder, explains the Carolina Urology Partners. An adenocarcinoma is a malignant tumor that starts in the prostate gland or other gland. Nocturia is the disruptive need to urinate at night, and the sphincter is the collective name for the muscles that control urine flow from the urinary bladder.

A vasectomy is a surgical sterilization procedure done in men, and a vasovasostomy is the reversal of a vasectomy, advises the University of Virginia School of Medicine. A laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that utilizes a laparoscope to see internal organs via an incision. Lithotripsy is a procedure that uses ultrasonic shock waves to break up kidney stones.