Setting: The setting is when and where the story takes place.
Characters: Stories are made up of major and minor characters who all play a role in resolving the plot.
Conflict: The conflict is the problem in the story. Conflicts may be internal or external.
Action: Several elements contribute to the action in a story:
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- Exposition is the beginning of the story and introduces the characters and setting.
- Rising action occurs as the main conflict builds and tensions rise.
- The climax is the moment of greatest tension in the story, when the conflict reaches its boiling point.
- Falling action occurs toward the end of the story as the conflict is resolved.
- Resolution comes at the end of the story when all the loose ends are tied up.