A critical response paper takes a position of full or partial agreement or disagreement on the points made in a work written by an author. The writer uses supporting statements from the work being written about and does additional outside research to show why the author's statement is valid or invalid. It is common for students to write such papers on controversial works.
Writers introduce readers to the work being responded to in the introduction, including the main points the author made. After the main points comes the thesis statement that tells the writer's position. The body of the paper will include paragraphs that each focus on one of the author's point, and the conclusion restates the writer's position and wraps up the essay.