The English translation for the Spanish term "consulado Americano" is "American consulate." It refers to U.S. consulates in foreign countries. Consulates are where U.S. citizens go to seek aid in a foreign country.
When a U.S. citizen loses a passport, gets in trouble or has a birth or death in the family while traveling abroad, the U.S. Consulate provides the required legal aid. The main function of the consulate is to protect American travelers. The United States has at least one embassy and one ambassador in the capitol of many foreign countries, and each embassy contains a consular section. Large countries often have several consulates.