Some common themes in literature include the significance of family, pursuit for revenge, loss of innocence, the strength of love and the betrayal of trust. These themes have been used in various literary works throughout the years.
Literary works with a theme of the significance of family emphasize the strength of familial bonds and how family must always be put first. Pursuit for revenge, on the other hand, focuses on a character's series of actions to get revenge on another person or group of people; one good example is "The Count of Monte Cristo" by Alexandre Dumas.
Literature with a theme of a loss of innocence shows how a character loses his naiveté because of certain eye-opening events. The theme of the strength of love focuses on how love can make people undergo significant sacrifices, as in "Romeo and Juliet" by William Shakespeare. The theme of the betrayal of trust centers on trickery and deceit.