Examples of common Scots-Irish surnames include Adams, Baxter, Carson, Davidson and Ellis. Gibson, Irwin, Jenkins, Kelly and Kennedy are further examples. The Scots-Irish are a people of Scottish origin who settled in the historic province of Ulster in Northern Ireland. They are therefore also referred to as "Ulster Scots."
"Adam," meaning "red" in Hebrew, was a popular name in medieval England. In Scotland, it was a popular nickname for "Aidy" and "Eadie."
"Baxter" comes from Scotland. It comes from the Old English word "bœcestre," which means "female baker." It is thought that the Baxters may have been the first bakers to the king.
The name "Carson" originated in Ulster. The name was originally spelled "Ap’Corsan."
The name "Davidson," simply meaning "son of David," comes from the Clan Davidson. "David" comes from the Hebrew "Dawidh," meaning "beloved one."
The name "Ellis" is common in Dublin and Ulster. It comes from the Hebrew name "Elijah" and was common in Scotland and Ireland from the 13th century onwards.
The name "Gibson" is Scottish and comes from the given name "Gilbert." Another version of the name is "McGibbon."
The name "Irwin" is often confused with the similar name "Irvine." The Irwins and the Irvines were from the same area and settled in the same area of Ulster at around the same time.
The name "Jenkins" is an English name thought to have Flemish origins. "Jenkin" is a nickname for Jan, Jen or Jon.