Q:

What are the common parts of speech in the English language?

A:

Quick Answer

Common parts of speech in the English language include nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, exclamations and determiners. The parts of speech are also called word classes.

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What are the common parts of speech in the English language?
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Full Answer

Each part of speech plays its own role in a sentence. A noun indicates a person, place or thing. A verb describes the action that is taking place. An adjective modifies or describes a noun, while an adverb modifies or describes a verb.

Pronouns take the place of a previously stated noun to reference that same person or thing. For example, in this sentence, "Susan" is a noun and "her" is a pronoun: "Susan ate her cake."

A preposition shows the relationship between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence. Pronouns include words such as "in," "up," "before," "around" and "with." In the following sentence, "Thomas" is a noun and "in" is a preposition: "Thomas swung his sword in a circle."

A conjunction is a word that joins a series of items or two sentences together. Common conjunctions are words such as "and," "or," "but" and "if."

An exclamation is a word or phrase that expresses an emotion or exclaims something. A sentence using an exclamation often ends with an exclamation point.

A determiner is a word that comes before a noun and shows the reader which noun is being described or determined. Examples include "this," as in "this house," and "that," as in "that car."

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