Common questions on microbiology exams ask students about cell shape and function; bacteria and bacterial growth characteristics; viruses; and DNA sequencing, mutation and repair. Other common questions ask students to identify the name and function of each part of a microorganism, to differentiate between gram-positive and gram-negative cells, and to describe the functions of amino peptides and amino acids. Lab exam questions typically revolve around cultivating and growing specimens, handling materials, producing slides, and knowing correct incubation temperatures.
Microbiology exams commonly ask about diseases and immune responses, including contracted diseases, genetic diseases, antibiotics, antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agents and virus spread. Autoimmune disorders and microbial metabolism are also common human body topics on microbiology exams.
In addition to microbiology of the body, microbiology exams include questions about household air and the surface dangers of bacteria, mold, mildew and viruses; the environmental microbiology of soils, waste water, animals, plants, and aquatic environments; the types of bacteria that breed in food and beverages; and the structure and impact of chemical agents.
Microbiology exams typically consist of multiple-choice questions, true-or-false questions and diagrams. Essay questions are not typically used, except when a question asks a student to compare processes or explain a function, cause or outcome.