Common Jewish names for boys include Aaron, Benjamin and Samuel, and common Jewish names for girls include Elizabeth, Judith and Rebecca. Jewish or Hebrew names begin with the person's given name, then "ben" for boys or "bat" for girls, followed by the father's Hebrew name.
Other common Jewish names for boys include Daniel, David and Michael. Daniel means "God is my judge" in Hebrew. In the Bible, Daniel served King Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon. God saved him from a lion's den and a fiery furnace. David means "beloved" in Hebrew. David was the second king of Israel and the ancestor of all subsequent Israelite kings and of Jesus. Michael means "who is like God." Michael was an angelic messenger in the Bible.
Other common Jewish names for girls include Deborah, Rachel and Ruth. Deborah means "to speak kind words." In the Bible, Deborah led a revolt against the Canaanite king and was a great prophetess and judge among her people. Rachel means "female sheep" and is a symbol of purity. Rachel was the wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph in Genesis. Ruth means "sweet and pleasant." Ruth was a righteous convert and descendant of King David in the Bible.
Jewish people believe that naming children after living relatives is bad luck. Parents formally name their children at a bris, or circumcision, for boys, or at a naming ceremony for girls.