The most common Italian last names include Rossi, Bianchi, Marino, Ricci, Esposito, Bruno, Moretti, Ferrari, Columbo and Romano. Other common last names are Greco, Gallo, Conti, Mancini, Costa, Rizzo, Martinelli, Lombardo, Serra, Martini, D'Angelo, Parisi, Valentini, Pellegrini, Vitale, Giordano, Fabbri, Marini, Farina, Monti, Rinaldi and Fontana.
Other popular last names are Giuliani, Testa, Fiore, Riva, Donati, Sartori, Neri, Pagano, Sorrentino, D'Amico, Orlando, Bellini, Piras and Cattaneo. Italian last names often have a meaning. For instance, Marino comes from "marinus" which is a reference to the sea, while Ricci refers to curly hair. Also, names may slightly change depending on the region. For example, Rossi becomes Russo in Southern Italy.