Some of the most common Hungarian family names are Nagy, Kovács, Tóth, Szabó and Horváth. Other common Hungarian surnames include Molnár, Kiss, Varga, Németh and Farkas.
In the Hungarian language, it is common for people to be named after certain professions, similar to English occupational bynames such as Miller, Tailor and Smith. Some examples of this are Kovács (which means "smith") and Molnár (meaning "miller"). Other examples include Varga ("shoemaker"), Szabó ("tailor") and Juhász ("shepherd").
Some Hungarian names refer to specific countries or nationalities, such as Tóth (which means "Slovak"). Horváth is the Hungarian word for Croatian, while Németh is the word for German. Some Hungarian family names are made from adjectives, such as Nagy (which means "tall" or "large"), and Kiss (which means "small"). There are numerous other Hungarian surnames that are similar to English surnames, such as the family name Simon, and Farkas, which means "wolf."
As of 2015, approximately 240,000 people in Hungary have the surname Nagy, making it the most common surname in the country. The second most common surname is Kovács, with around 220,000 people, followed by Tóth with approximately 215,000. In total, the 20 most common surnames in Hungary account for more than 21 percent of the country's total population.