What Are Some Common German Words?

What Are Some Common German Words?

Common German words include "danke," "bitte," "auf," "nicht" and "sein." Other common words include the definite articles, "der," "die" and "das," and the indefinite articles, "ein" and "eine."

"Danke" means "thank you" in English. "Bitte" has two possible meanings, which are "please" and "you're welcome." "Auf" means "on," "at" or "in." However, "auf" is also used in the phrase "auf wiedersehen," which is a way of saying goodbye that literally means "until we see again."

"Nicht" means "not." It is also used to say "I don't know" in the phrase "Ich weiss nicht," which literally translates to "I know not."

"Sein" is a present-tense verb that means "to be." It is an irregular verb because its conjugations don't follow standard German conjugation rules. The verb conjugates to "bin," "bist" and "ist" in the first-, second- and third-person singular forms. The first-, second- and third-person plural forms are "sind," "seid" and "sind," respectively.

When used as definite articles, "der," "die" and "das" all mean "the." The word choice depends on the gender of the noun that the article precedes. "Der" is for masculine nouns, "die" is for feminine nouns, and "das" is for neutral nouns. "Ein" and "eine" mean "a" or "an." "Ein" precedes masculine and neutral nouns, while "eine" precedes feminine nouns.