What Are Some Common English Grammar Rules?

What Are Some Common English Grammar Rules?

What Are Some Common English Grammar Rules?

One common English grammar rule is that all sentences begin with a capital letter. Titles of people, books, magazines, movies and proper nouns are also capitalized. Every sentence must end with a punctuation mark, such as a period, exclamation point or question mark.

Colons are a punctuation mark and are used between two clauses if the second clause explains the first, or as an introduction to a list of items or a direct quote containing several sentences. Semicolons are a type of punctuation used to separate a second independent clause that typically begins with an introductory word, such as "therefore." Commas separate words in a series, are used when addressing a specific person and separate a city from its state. Parentheses set apart words that clarify something within the sentence or enclose numbers and letters in a list. An apostrophe indicates a contraction of two words or shows possession.

A sentence requires a subject and a predicate and must express a complete thought in order to stand on its own. Singular subjects require singular predicates while plural subjects require plural predicates. The subject is the focus of a sentence, such as a person, animal or object. The predicate is the word or words that express action or indicate something about the subject.