There are several accepted methods for citing references when writing. Two of the most commonly used styles are the Modern Language Association style and the American Psychological Association style.
When a person inserts an in-text citation in MLA formatting, it is important to use the name of the author and the page numbers the reference was taken from. When the author's name is used directly in the writing, the citation is only the page numbers. If the author's name is not directly used, it is included in parentheses with the page numbers. All authors' names must be included as well as all page numbers used. Never use "p." or "pp." to indicate "page." When a person creates a list of works cited in MLA format, the basic structure of the listing is Last Name, First Name. Title of Book (in italics). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.
When a person inserts an in-text citation in APA formatting, the author's name, year of publication and page numbers should be included. Unlike in MLA, "p." should be used to indicate "page." All authors' names and page numbers used should be included. When a person creates a works cited list in APA format, the basic structure of the listing should be Authors' Last Name, first initials. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.