MLA style uses parenthetical citation for in-text citations. Parenthetical citation involves placing the relevant source information in parentheses after the quote or paraphrase.
- Cite print sources with a known author
For print sources with a known author, use the author's last name followed by the page number the information is from. This should look like (Johnson 23). If it is a corporate author, use the name of the corporation instead of the author's last name.
- Cite print sources with no known author
If the source does not have an author, then use a shortened title of the work instead of the author's last name, followed by the number of the page on which you found the information. Make sure to put the title in quotation marks if it is a short work, or italicize it if it is a long work.
- Cite work with multiple authors
Next, list sources with multiple authors. If there are three of fewer authors, list all of the authors' names followed by the page number. If there are more than three authors, then look at the bibliographic information as a guide for the citation.
- Cite non-print sources and those from the Internet
Most non-print sources do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. Instead, include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation. This could be the author's name, article name, website name, or film name.