MLA, or Modern Language Association, style requires parenthetical citation, which means the source information is included in parentheses at the end of the quote or paraphrase. The information included in the parentheses depends on what is being cited, such as print publication, website or other source, and how the information is organized on the corresponding Works Cited page.
MLA guidelines call for author page style of in text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the page number of the reference being citing should appear in the text. The page number should always be placed in the parentheses rather than the text of the sentence, whereas the author’s name can appear either in the text or in the parentheses. A complete reference must be included on the Works Cited page.
MLA style provides specific citation guidelines for different sources and situations. For example, citing print sources with no known author, citing a source with multiple authors, citing indirect sources and citing miscellaneous nonprint sources. It also has special rules for citing nonprint, including sources from the internet and electronic sources.
Complete MLA style guidelines can be found in Chapter 6 of the MLA Handbook (7th Edition) and Chapter 7 of the MLA Style Manual (3rd Edition).