Whether or not children have to attend school in their home districts depends on state law. For example, students and parents may request a direct transfer in California, according to the California Department of Education, but the local district has the authority to approve or deny the transfer.
The state of Massachusetts allows students to attend schools outside of their districts through the inter-district school choice, according to MassResoures.org. This option is available for parents who do not want their children to attend schools in their home districts. However, not all schools in Massachusetts allow for inter-district school choices, and the district school committee has the final say in whether or not the district participates.