An effective test is congruent to instructions, is based on authentic tasks, uses a variety of methods and tools and is a collaborative process that features students. An effective test is reliable, fair and has consequential relevance to the learning process.
An effective test is valid and relevant based on the content examined. A valid test measures what it is intended to measure and for the intended purpose. Content validity enables an educator to make informative inferences that provide valuable information on the students ability to do or show their knowledge regarding the test content.
An effective school test is fair to all students by assessing different expected behaviors. It is essential for students to access information about the nature of the test material and the method of examination. Students should know the structure and form of the test, the overall marks and the length of time required for the test.
An effective test is also a collaborative exercise between teachers and students, and it is useful to the students. A useful test enhances education effectiveness of the learning process. A test becomes useful by facilitating learning through revision of material covered in lectures and writing essays. The educator should provide the students with feedback from the test to show them how they are progressing, assisting them identify their strengths and weaknesses.