California Air Resources Boards, or CARB, compliance refers to observance and consent to California's strict air quality measures. Many industries require CARB compliance of products, though engine manufacturers and composite wood manufacturers chiefly utilize these standards.
Composite wood products must follow CARB regulations due to a 2007 initiative that promotes education regarding the toxic byproducts, primarily formaldehyde, of commonly used wood adhesives and resins. Products that commonly use these resins are plywood, particle board and fiber board, and they are found in furniture and flooring. In 1992 formaldehyde was decreed a toxic air contaminant with no safe level of exposure to humans.
Manufacturers of engines of all types also follow CARB standards for clean air, including generators, car engines, chain saws, lawn mowers and power pumps. Though the Environmental Protection Agency provides national regulations for air quality, many manufacturers adhere to the stricter air policies provided by CARB.
Though engine manufacturers and composite wood manufacturers are the primary industries effected by CARB regulations, any product or service having a possible effect on emissions and air quality is required to comply with CARB standards. Many industries, though not necessarily required, comply with CARB standards to promote a positive position in regard to progressive environmental activism.
The California legislature formed the Air Resources Board in 1967, states CARB. Since then, it has regulated not only motor vehicle emissions but also monitored indoor air standards in schools, day care centers, homes and other sites. It also ensures that industrial locations such as factories, refineries, power plants and gasoline service stations meet state standards. Additionally, CARB regulates pollutant-emitting consumer products such as hair spray, deodorant and cleaning products.