An essay outlining the ways in which charity begins at home must include a strong thesis statement that expresses the importance of taking care of one's family before extending charity outward, as well as examples of situations in which that has been beneficial. In the conclusion, it is important to restate the main idea while reiterating any subsidiary points.
The saying "charity begins at home" was much more common in the 19th century and the early 20th century in America than it is today. People saw the importance of ensuring that their own family's needs were met and then moved outward to help those in their community. Regional and national charities were much less of a presence than they are today. Because a much larger segment of the American population lived in rural environments, people were more dependent on their own ability to raise food. Also, it was not uncommon to see multigenerational households, as families took in grandparents who were no longer able to live on their own. The modern trend is to place elder members of families in assisted living or nursing home facilities when they are no longer able to be independent.
For a successful essay on this topic from a modern context, it is important to emphasize that people should ensure that they have met the needs of their own household and then move outward to helping others. People who are maxing out credit cards and barely surviving from one paycheck to the next need to shore up their own financial position and then try to help others.