Teachers can teach kids about the Quartering Acts by discussing the definition, meaning, purpose and effect of the Quartering Acts in American history. The Quartering Acts passed as extensions of the Mutiny Act of 1686.
The British government passed the Quartering Acts in 1765 and 1774. The Quartering Acts forced American colonists to provide food, shelter and other provisions to British soldiers stationed in the 13 colonies.
The 1765 Quartering Act stated that if British soldiers could not find housing in barracks or public inns, they could stay in livery stables, homes of people selling alcohol, uninhabited houses or outbuildings. The act required citizens to provide other provisions for the troops, including candles, salt, bedding and firewood. Colonial governments had to absorb the costs of quartering British troops. Pennsylvania was the only colony to comply with the act.
The 1774 Quartering Act gave the governor of each colony the authority to ensure that colonists sheltered British troops and repealed the requirement for colonists to provide provisions for the troops. The British government passed this act after the New York Provincial Assembly refused to comply with the 1765 Quartering Act, forcing 1,500 British troops to stay on their ships. The colonists believed that the 1765 Quartering Act violated the 1689 English Bill of Rights. The 1774 Quartering Act expired in 1776.