To do an investigatory project, research of a scientific problem must be done first, followed by stating a scientific objective of the project. Experimentation related to the objective is carried out next, in accordance with a scientific methodology. The investigatory project is concluded with presentation of the findings.
An investigatory project consists of three parts: research, experiments and presentation of the results. The presentation should include a research paper and can also include a visual display.
Step 1: Research
Formulate the scientific problem to be solved. Research the topic as widely as possible. Gain information from textbooks, reference materials and reputable websites. Choose the methods that will be used in the experiments.
Step 2: Experimentation
Collect all the necessary tools, such as lab equipment or cooking utensils, depending on the nature of the experiment. Prepare the materials with which the experiment will be conducted. Carry out the experiments according to the procedure dictated by the methodology chosen.
Step 3: Presentation
Record the way in which all the experiments were run, along with the data gained from the experiments. Analyze the data, and indicate how it is related to the preliminary research. Demonstrate if the results of the experiments confirmed what had been known about the problem, or whether they point to some new discovery. In the research paper, outline each step of the investigatory project, starting with stating the problem. Create a visual display, if required, using graphs and tables based on the data collected.