A book that is the biography of the author is called an autobiography. Autobiographies are a popular, common type of book. They can also be given out as assignments from school, and famous autobiographies are read in school. Anyone can write an autobiography of herself.
Autobiographies usually contain a specific purpose, or thesis statement, the author wishes to make about her life. They also include an introduction and relate various aspects of the author's life, such as her childhood, education and culture. Specific events and people that have significantly formed the author's views, beliefs and attitudes are mentioned as well. Famous autobiographies include those written by Benjamin Franklin, Anne Frank, Maya Angelou, Malcolm X and Nelson Mandela.