To calculate one's grade point average, or GPA, divide the total amount of grade points earned by the total amount of credit hours attempted. Colleges and universities review an applicant's GPA from high school to help determine acceptance and placement.
A student should keep track of his or her GPA throughout the school year. Simply gather a few pieces of data to do the calculation.
Step 1: Add the total hours attempted and the total grade points earned
Each class is assigned a total number of credit hours. Add the total number of credit hours for all classes. To calculate the total grade points earned, multiply the credit hours for a class by the point value of the grade earned in the class. Grade points are assigned as follows:
- A = 4 points
- B = 3 points
- C = 2 points
- D = 1 point
- F = 0 points
Step 2: Divide to find the cumulative GPA
Divide the total grade points by the total number of hours. Therefore, if a student took a class load of 12 hours, and his or her grade points were 35, then the GPA is 2.9.