In the context of a science fair project, a bibliography is a comprehensive list of the various books, articles and other resources used to develop the project. A bibliography is also typically included at the end of a research paper.
If a student creates a science fair project about thunderstorms, the student might watch a video prepared by a meteorologist that explains some aspects of thunder and lightning. The student might also read a few books about weather. Finally, he might browse through a site on the Internet that explains some aspect of storms in more detail.
In a bibliography, the pupil offers a summary of the varied resources that he consulted while conducting the science fair project. Titles, authors and publication information are included in each bibliographic entry. Someone who examines the bibliography will be able to gain insight into how the project was created.