Title 1 funding benefits include the development of greater equality and opportunity for students with disadvantaged circumstances. Title 1 funding is intended to compensate developmental delays and academic malaise, problems strongly correlated with lower-income students.
Title 1 funding is disbursed in accordance with the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA. As of 2015, some members of the U.S House of Representatives are eager to reform the act by introducing Title 1 portability. An idea dating back to the Reagan era, Title 1 portability would allow Title 1 funding for alternative public schools and public charter schools. Title 1 funding was the greatest source of K-12 education investment for 2014.