The benefits of an educational environment without homework include reduced stress, better-rested students and more time for students to participate in non-academic activities. In addition, an environment without homework creates a level playing field for students from different economic situations.
Homework is often a major source of stress for students. Students may become sleep-deprived after staying up late doing homework, or they may sleep poorly due to worries about unfinished homework assignments. An educational environment without homework removes this source of stress. As a result, students may be more awake and focused during class.
Homework also takes time away from after-school activities such as sports and clubs. These activities build important social skills and help students to stay physically fit. For students who help their families at home, homework also introduces stress into the family by taking away time needed for household chores. An environment without homework gives students the time needed to develop non-academic life skills, to exercise and to spend quality time with their families.
Homework also puts students with difficult home situations at an unfair disadvantage. Some students may not be able to complete the homework at all due to a lack of materials at home, the absence of a quiet place to work or the need to work a part-time job to help their families. Other students may not be able to ask their parents for help because their parents are too busy or never finished school themselves. An educational system without homework creates a more equal environment by relying solely on classroom teaching, where all students have the same access to resources.