A behavior intervention plan is a proposal that attempts to instill desirable behaviors in a particular child by rewarding his efforts to follow certain rules. The behavior intervention plan is frequently part of an Individualized Educational Plan, or IEP. In establishing such a proposal, a child's teacher identifies a student's problem behaviors and seeks to determine the causes of such behaviors by using a functional behavior assessment, or FBA.
The teacher or members of the school staff can perform an FBA by observing the student in various situations and by conducting an interview with the student and those who work with him. Dysfunctional behaviors include aggression, classroom disruption, refusal to complete assignments or unresponsiveness. The immediate goal is to discover when and why the behavior occurs.
The behavioral intervention plan details the dysfunctional behavior and its causes and then lists strategies for addressing it. These strategies include a reward system for encouraging success. The plan assigns different responsibilities to different parties, including the student, the teacher and possibly other school personnel and the parents.
Consequences are a part of the plan but are less punitive than remedial. For instance, a student may be removed from a situation in which he does not behave properly or heed a warning. This removal is not to punish the student as much as it is to give him a chance to regain control of himself.
The behavioral intervention plan is a dynamic proposal. Frequent evaluation of the plan and necessary modifications are integral to its ultimate success.