Some basics of parliamentary procedure include the principles of parliamentary procedure and process for handling motions. Parliamentary procedure promotes cooperation and protects the rights of all members of a group, government or organization.
Parliamentary procedure is the accepted rules and practices that are used during meetings to maintain proper conduct and deal with issues efficiently. Basic principles include discussing only one subject at a time, giving every issue equal opportunity to be debated, and maintaining equal rights for all members of the group. When using parliamentary procedure, votes are taken to make decisions and the will of the majority is always carried out.
A motion is used by members of the group to suggest that the group take a specific action. After a member proposes a motion, the motion needs to be seconded by another member of the group. Once this has happened, the person presiding over the meeting announces what the motion is. All members then discuss the motion with proponents of the motion explaining why they agree with it, and opponents giving reasons against the motion being passed. After debate has finished, a vote is taken of all members of the group by the person presiding over the meeting. If the majority of members vote in favor of the motion, then it is carried and if the majority vote against the motion, it is lost.