The basic components of a deductive argument are the claim, conclusion, premise and the argument. Deductive reasoning usually begins with a conclusion and then examines whether the conclusion is logically sound by examining supporting evidence. Deductive reasoning is the opposite of inductive reasoning, which asks questions and examines supporting evidence in order to determine a conclusion.
In deductive arguments, premises can be used either independently or in combination to support a conclusion. A premise is an argument for the assertion that is being made. There may also be several conclusions within a deductive argument. Those conclusions should be distinguished from the final conclusion, which is what supports the initial claim. A claim is the overall assertion for the argument. It is important that an overall conclusion in a deductive argument be logically sound. This means that all parts of the conclusion must be true. Therefore, it is important to examine the premises for any illogical assertions. The structure of deductive arguments may vary. This means that the conclusion can come at any time during the argument. Sometimes, conclusions may first appear to be premises or vice versa. Blurred components constitute the primary challenge for those who attempt to craft deductive arguments.