Figurative language is a device that authors use to aid readers in determining what is occurring in a written piece, such as through similes, metaphors or hyperboles. There are many types of figurative language, such as onomatopoeia and alliteration.
One of the most common types of figurative language may be the hyperbole. Making statements like "I nearly died laughing" emphasizes just how strong the laughter was, even though the statement is in no way true. The metaphor is another very popular form of figurative language, and some of the most well-known and popular writers in the world use them in their works. Analogies are also very popular, although they're often considered extended metaphors. They make explicit comparisons between two things to further a line of reasoning.