The precise definition of academic achievement varies among professionals in the fields of academia, but is generally considered to be a benchmark of academic progress. Academic achievement is sometimes called proficiency and may be quantified in several ways, such as exams and tests. In the United States, schools must meet national standards to ensure students reach a certain level of proficiency and some states set benchmarks as well.
Academic achievement can be measured in a variety of subject areas but is most often studied in the areas of reading and math. In many places, schools must meet certain federal standards to continue receiving critical federal funds for their programs.