A 504 plan is an individualized education plan for a student with special needs to ensure that he receives the modifications necessary to help him succeed in school. A 504 plan references Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
Schools that receive federal funding must serve eligible students under the 504 plan. Students who qualify for this type of modification plan often do not meet the more stringent requirements of special-education service but still have special needs that hinder progress in the classroom. Modifications under the plan may include a number of strategies to help the student succeed, including extra time for class work or tests, having test questions read aloud and being given smaller assignments than other students.