A curriculum vitae differs from a resume in terms of its length, the type of information included and its purpose. While a resume is a concise document used to apply for most conventional jobs, a CV is longer and typically used when applying for academic positions.
Length is one of the main distinctions between a CV and resume. A resume attempts to present information about an applicant as concisely as possible and is generally no more than two pages long. A CV presents a greater amount of information about an applicant and may include many pages.
The type and specificity of information included is another major difference between a resume and CV. A resume is a brief summary of a candidate’s skills, work experience and education. A CV includes all of the same information as a resume, but also highlights teaching experience, research endeavors, academic and other publications, presentations and lectures delivered, and awards and honors received. A CV may also include information about an applicant’s affiliations with professional or academic organizations and any other relevant memberships.
Finally, resumes and CVs differ in their usage. In the United States, applicants use a resume when applying to almost any type of job. A CV is typically only applicable to academic positions, mainly at the university level, as well as scientific and research positions and when applying for grants and other funding opportunities.