Wheat farming encompasses the preparation, cultivation and production of wheat as a raw product for manufacturing wheat flour. This includes sowing, caring for and harvesting wheat. Some common wheat products include bread, biscuits and cakes.
U.S. wheat production is grouped into five classes, including hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, white and durum. Farmers grow wheat for different kinds of markets, including commercial production, general and animal feeds. Hard wheat is high in protein, contains starchy gluten and is sold for the production of bread, while soft wheat is low in protein, weak in gluten and sold for biscuits and other general flour uses. Lower quality wheat is used in animal feeds.
In the United States, wheat is grown in 42 states with an estimated 75 percent of all grain products made from wheat flour. It is the third-largest field crop produced in the U.S.