There were nine stock market holidays in 2014, including New Year's Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, President's Day, Good Friday and. Memorial Day, according to Inside Monitor. Additional observed holidays were Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas.
Eight of the full holiday dates matched up with U.S. Federal holidays, though the markets also closed on Friday, April 18 in observation of Good Friday, notes Inside Monitor. There were also three days on which the stock markets closed early at 1:00 p.m. These dates were July 3, November 28 and December 24, as each of these dates is the day directly preceding or following a major holiday.
All of the major U.S. stock exchanges, including the New York Stock Exchange, NASDAQ and the American Stock Exchange, followed this same holiday schedule. However, according to TheStreet, other international stock exchanges follow different schedules. An example is the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange in Israel closing on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.
Finally, worthy of notice is the fact that the stock exchange officially observes Washington's Birthday rather than President's Day. After Washington's Birthday was declared a holiday by Congress in 1879, no law has officially changed the name to President's Day, so the stock exchanges observe the holiday under the former name, according to TheStreet.