Visit the website of a stock exchange such as Nasdaq or the New York Stock Exchange or set news alerts to find initial public offerings, explains Investopedia. Each exchange provides official information and offering materials, but only about its companies rather than the market as a whole. News alerts provide access to rumors, commentary and analysis. Their coverage is broader and faster than the exchanges but less reliable.
An IPO represents the first sale of a company's stock to the general public, notes Investopedia. To do so, a company registers with the Securities and Exchange Commission and discloses information about its financial condition and business to investors. However, in most cases, the company sells its stock at the IPO price to investment banks and large institutional investors rather than to the general public. This makes it difficult for an individual investor to purchase shares directly from the company in an IPO. After the IPO, the company's stock trades freely on an exchange where anyone can buy and sell it.
Several websites provide information on recent and upcoming IPOs. Hoover's provides a pipeline, calendar and performance information about new offerings. Yahoo Finance lists pricings, filings and withdrawn IPOs along with rankings showing the offerings the increased or decreased the most in price. IPOScoop.com offers an IPO calendar as well as summary information about the IPO market as a whole.