Why Use Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs in the Workplace?

Maslow's hierarchy of needs maps the workplace by showing the ways in which employees whose basic levels of need are met can be productive, engaged and invested in their work environment. The workplace hierarchy ranks physiological needs, security needs, "belongingness" needs or a need for inclusion, esteem needs and the need for self-actualization to show what workers want from their jobs.

If employers focus on making their workforce feel secure, provided for, esteemed and included then it is theorized those workers will have time to devote to self-actualization through their work. This process is intended to benefit the company and to generate stability in the work force and in the office.

The hierarchy as applied to the workplace emphasizes the importance of the employees and the meaningfulness of their needs. This can help managers to understand how to interact with their employees and how to make sure that those employees feel valued by their company and are committed to devoting effort to its betterment.

The model places a strong emphasis on transparency. Transparent decision-making helps employees feel secure and gives them a realistic picture of their own security within a corporate hierarchy, and the trust built there can help keep them invested through difficult periods.