Some U.S. companies recognized for energy-compliance are Target, Kroger, Staples, Phillips, BMW and Apple Computers. A list of consumer products that have received an Energy Star rating for efficient use of energy and a list of companies with energy-compliant facilities are available on EnergyStar.gov.
The Energy Star label was created by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy in 1992. Energy Star products generally use 20 to 30 percent less energy than the required federal standards. Companies can face significant fines and even legal action for failing to meet federal standards or attempting to subvert the standards.
The consumer products search tool at EnergyStar.gov allows easy identification of efficient appliances, building products, commercial food equipment, electronics, heating and cooling, lighting, office equipment and water heaters. Each listing gives a category overview, the date of first certification, a buyers guide and the most recent list of qualifying products. As an example, for televisions there are nearly 500 records listed. Companies use the Energy Star as a marketing tool; in many cases, they use it as a core definition of their brand and mission.
The Energy Star program also uses a certification process for commercial and industrial facilities. Facilities are graded with a score between 1 and 100. The number helps builders identify efficient materials and processes while giving a broad comparison of facilities across an industry. A facility that scores a 75 can earn an Energy Star, and corporations can have certifications for each of their buildings.