Management positions require technical knowledge, the ability to relate effectively to people and the ability to think conceptually, understanding how various parts of an organization fit together to best optimize outcomes. Among the skills required of managers are strong written and oral communication skills, problem-solving skills and the ability to make and stand by decisions. Strong managers know how to motivate employees and to work collaboratively, sometimes under significant pressure.
While management experience is a plus when pursuing a management position, even entry-level managers, if they possess and demonstrate certain key skills, can be competitive. Strong computer skills and a bachelor's degree or master's degree in business administration or a field related to the business of the employer are also typical requirements for management positions. A demonstrated understanding of customer service and the ability to work with a diverse range of people are also important. Employers look, as well, for managers who are confident and able to work independently while handling many complex tasks, often at the same time.
Post-secondary coursework in preparation for a career in management generally includes accounting, marketing principles, management theory and business writing. Among the degree options available for managers are bachelor's and master's degrees in business administration, health care management and project management. Associate degree programs in small business management, food and hotel management and business administration are also available from a variety of educational institutions.