A safety data sheet, or SDS, contains information on the identification, protective measures, safety precautions, and environmental, physical and health hazards of a chemical product, explains the U.S. Department of Labor. Each SDS has the same 16 sections including fire-fighting measures, handling and storage, accidental release measures, and physical and chemical properties.
The first eight sections of a safety data sheet are composed of general identification and safety information of the chemical product, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. For example, the first section on a safety data sheet includes identification information on the chemical product such as the name of the product and contact information for the supplier and manufacturer. The third section contains the chemical composition of the product, and the fourth section provides initial instructions on what to do if an individual comes into contact with the chemical product.
The last eight sections of a safety data sheet provide technical and scientific data on the chemical product including personal protection gear an individual should wear when working with the chemical, stability and reactivity of the chemical, and impacts of the chemical on the environment, states the U.S. Department of Labor. An SDS also contains toxicological information, which provides details on exposure methods and symptoms of exposure.